Palatine tonsil

What is Palatine tonsil?

It refers to one of the tonsils that are visually apparent on the right and left sides at the back of the throat. It is sometimes also referred to as “Faucial tonsil.”In Latin, it is known as “Tonsilla palatina”.

Palatine tonsil Anatomy

It is round to oval in shape and is actually a lump of lymphoid tissue. These tonsils are mainly constituted by mucus membranes, nerves, veins and tiny lumps of lymphoid tissue. These also comprise of small pits, or pockets lined by epithelium, also known as crypts.

Palatine tonsil Location

Tonsils of this type are situated behind the cavity of the mouth. It is implanted in the lateral wall of the pharynx that is located on either side of the fauces (the passage between the pharynx and the back of the mouth) placed between the posterior and anterior pillars of the soft palate.

Palatine tonsil Functions

This structure is mainly responsible for providing protection to the body from infection of the respiratory tract and the digestive system. It also assists the body in trapping bacteria, thus allowing the body the time to manufacture antibodies and destroy invading germs. These tonsils also work in collaboration with other lymphoid tissues to assist in processing and circulating lymph fluid.

Palatine tonsil Disorders

This throat structure can be affected by conditions like:

Tonsillar hyperthrophy

It refers to an enlargement of the tonsils without any past case of Tonsillitis. It may lead to problems like pain, sleep disturbances and difficulties in swallowing.

Tonsil cancer

It is rare but sometimes affects individuals who have been exposed to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

Palatine tonsil Pictures

Take a peek at these images to know how this throat structure appears to view.

Picture of Palatine tonsil

Picture 1 – Palatine tonsil

 Image of Palatine tonsil

Picture 2 – Palatine tonsil Image

 Photo of Palatine tonsil

Picture 3 – Palatine tonsil Photo

References:

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-palatine-tonsils.htm

http://www.ehow.com/facts_6133293_palatine-tonsils.html

http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/glossary=palatinetonsil

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palatine_tonsil

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