Stratum basale

Stratum basale
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Stratum basale Definition

It refers to the basal or the deepest of the five layers of the epidermis. It is also known by the names “germative layer” or “basal layer.” Sometimes, it is also referred to as stratum germinativum.

Stratum basale Location

It is situated between myometrium and the stratum spongiosum.

Stratum basale Anatomy

This epidermal layer comprises of only one row of cuboidal or columnar epithelial cells. Half of these cells divide constantly and replace the remaining part of the epidermis that is wearing away. The remaining cells differentiate and go to the next epidermal layer to start the process of maturation.

Stratum basale Function

It forms the outer skin covering in animals. The process of cell division (mitosis) occurs in this layer and replenishes the skin cells.

Stratum basale Problems

This layer of the epidermis might be involved in various skin disorders, such as Psoriasis and basal cell tumors.

Stratum basale Pictures

You would find these images useful to know about the appearance of this epidermal layer. Picture of Stratum basale

Picture 1 – Stratum basale

Image of Stratum basale

Picture 2 – Stratum basale Image

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stratum_basale

http://www.hcc.bcu.ac.uk/physiology/Skin.htm

http://www.gpnotebook.co.uk/simplepage.cfm?ID=369492030

Last modified on January 28th, 2013 at 11:18 am

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