What is Serous pericardium?
It is one of the layers of the Pericardium, one of the sac-like membranes that circumvent the heart. It is a single cell layer that lies in a subserosal connective tissue layer.
It is also called Serous portion of the pericardium. In Latin, this structure is known as Pericardium serosum. It is known as Péricarde séreux in French.
Serous pericardium Anatomy
It comprises of:
- Parietal layer – It lines the inner side of the fibrous pericardium and is difficult to separate from the structure.
- Visceral layer – It adheres to the cardiac surface.
Serous pericardium Functions
This transparent membrane surrounds and protects the heart. It also contains a thin film of serous fluid that allows the heart to move and provides it with a frictionless environment to expand as well as contract.
Serous pericardium Pictures
Check out these images to know how this cellular layer appears to view.
Picture 1 – Serous pericardium
Picture 2 – Serous pericardium Image